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Colon & Rectal Surgical Specialists Of New York

Sclerotherapy: Treating Hemorrhoids Through Minimally Invasive Injections

By Dean Pappas M.D. on October 31, 2014

The team at Colon & Rectal Surgical Specialists of New York takes great care when helping patients achieve excellent health. Our three locations located throughout Long Island are well-equipped to meet the needs of patients. This includes the diagnosis and treatment of hemorrhoids, which may involve the use of various techniques.

One of the more common treatments for hemorrhoids is sclerotherapy, which is quite effects and minimally invasive as well. Let's take a few minutes right now to go over the basics of sclerotherpy.

About Hemorrhoids

It may be helpful to first define hemorrhoids in basic terms.

While many people think of a medical condition when they hear the term "hemorrhoids," it's actually a normal part of the body. Hemorrhoids are blood vessels that are located in the anal canal that assist with stool control. They are a kind of cushion in the anus in their normal state, but can become inflamed or swollen. Typically, we think of the inflammation and swelling of this part of the anus when the term "hemorrhoids" is used.

When the hemorrhoids are inflamed, it can be quite painful and uncomfortable. Issues with fecal incontinence and blood in the stool are common as well.

What is sclerotherapy?

Sclerotherapy is a kind of injection therapy that helps shrink blood vessels. When most people think of sclerotherapy, they usually think of it as a treatment for spider veins, but sclerotherapy is also a highly effective treatment for hemorrhoids. Relief of hemorrhoids through sclerotherapy tends to come quickly, and success rates are generally around 70%.

Ideal Candidates for Sclerotherapy Injection Treatment

The best candidates for sclerotherapy are patients who have small and internal hemorrhoids, generally of the first-degree or the second-degree. They should have realistic expectations about the procedure and what it involves. Even though it is minimally invasive and simple, it's always best for patients to go in with realistic expectations about the care they are going to receive.

What to Expect During Sclerotherapy

Before sclerotherapy, patients are often advised to move their bowels so it will not interfere with the treatment in the next few hours.

During sclerotherapy, a solution called a sclerosant is injected into the tissue that is located around the hemorrhoid. Scar tissue will form following the injection, causes the hemorrhoid to shrink. Sclerotherapy can be used to treat multiple hemorrhoids at a time.

Sclerotherapy is quick and painless. One may see light rectal bleeding after the procedure that resolves in a day or two . Our team will go over all of the post-treatment side effects and recovery instructions with you in more detail during your consultation.

Alternatives to Sclerotherapy

When hemorrhoids are severe or external, other options for treatment will need to be considered. These may include infrared coagulation (IRC), hemorrhoidal ligation, and, as a last resort, hemorrhoidectomy. We will be sure to discuss these matters with you during your consultation at the practice.

Learn More from Colon & Rectal Surgical Specialists of New York

For more information about treating hemorrhoids and various other conditions that may affect your digestive tract, be sure to contact our colorectal surgery specialists today. We at Colon & Rectal Surgical Specialists of New York look forward to your visit and helping you achieve optimal health and wellness through effective medical care.

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